About 20 percent of the United States population speaks a language other than English at home, and a total of 350 languages are spoken here, according to a new report from the Census Bureau.
Of the 60.3 million U.S. residents over age four who speak a language other than English, 37.5 million speak Spanish; 2.9 million speak Mandarin, Cantonese, or another Chinese language; 1.6 million speak Tagalog, the Filipino language; 1.4 million speak Vietnamese; and nearly 1 million speak Arabic.
Almost 900,000 people speak an African language at home, including 195,000 who speak Amharic, the language of Ethiopia.
Many other languages are used by only a smattering of people, including Icelandic (4,865 speakers), Crow (4,160), Azerbaijani (2,085), Basque (1,860), and Kashmiri (1,775).
The most linguistically diverse metropolitan area is New York, where at least 192 languages are spoken and nearly 40 percent of the population speaks something other than English at home.
In the Los Angeles metropolitan area, at least 185 languages are spoken and more than half the population—54 percent—speaks a language other than English at home.